In ancient Egypt, all pharaohs were supposed to be men. The title was passed down from father to son, or eldest male relative. It wasn’t until a short while ago that archeologists found out that there actually was a female pharaoh. The reason they didn’t know about her is that after she passed away, the people that were left tried to hide that she ever existed. Hatshepsut was one of the most successful pharaohs that reigned in Egypt.